On May 27, 2016, the FDA published two final bills on nutrition labels in the federal register.(1) food labelling: nutrition and supplement ingredients labeling and revision (ingredient labeling act).(2) food labelling: the amount of food that can be consumed in one meal;Double column label;Updating, modifying and establishing specific reference quantities;General consumption;The dosage of mints;Process modification.(food component act).
The nutrition labeling and usage bill is more than 20 years since the FDA on nutrition and supplements component labeling act one of the biggest changes, and will soon be applied to the traditional areas of food and food supplements.Poultry and egg products are not affected by the bill because they are regulated by the U.S. department of agriculture (USDA).
The FDA said, the main purpose of this amendment is unified nutritional health data and the product claims, data from the institute of medicine (IMO) dietary reference intakes report, and in 2010 and 2015 dietary guidelines for americans.
The two new law will take effect on June 26, 2016, annual sales reached more than $10 million and food producers, before June 26, 2018 production must be in strict accordance with the articles of association of the new law;The deadline for food producers with annual sales of less than $10 million is June 26, 2019.
What's the difference between the old and the new?
The new law changes the typesetting, formatting and special warnings of food and supplement labels.These include double column labels, mandatory sugar added claims, a more stringent definition of dietary fiber, and a reclassification of the age of infants and children.Details of the new bill are as follows:
Label design: the ingredient list icon is basically unchanged, but the content is modified so that consumers can quickly get the information they want to decide whether to buy the product or not.
Sugar added warning: the old food act required manufacturers to label the total amount of sugar in the food, but did not ask for the "added sugar" dose.Now the new bill requires producers of food "added sugar" dose, and the bill provides a daily reference "added sugar" nutritional value (DRV), and demanded that the producers of "added sugar" DRV.If the amount of sugar in the food is less than 1 gram, the manufacturer indicates "no large dose of added sugar".
The FDA's decision to label "added sugar" was caused by the 2015 dietary guidelines advisory committee (DGAC) scientific report.The report noted that diet and people's physical health is closely linked, "added sugar intake every day more than 10% of their total calorie intake, more vulnerable to inadequate intake of other nutritious ingredients.In addition, "added sugar" will replace some other nutrients and make people eat too much.
Based on the results of the DGAC study, the FDA said "added sugar" was an important factor in determining the choice of consumers, and consumers had no prior knowledge of the "added sugar" dose in food.The FDA said it would also conduct consumer education to help the latter understand the new "added sugar" labeling act.
Mandatory statement: vitamin D and potassium in the old food bill requires manufacturer must be labeled with the vitamin A, vitamin C, iron and calcium content of the new law with vitamin D replaced the vitamin A and vitamin C and potassium.However, manufacturers can still identify vitamin A and vitamin C levels in their products on A voluntary basis.
Redefinition of dietary fiber: the new act defines dietary fibre as a soluble and insoluble carbohydrate (containing 3 or more monomers) that are not easily digestible;Lignin is an intrinsic component of plants.In addition, the FDA says that any component that is defined as dietary fiber has a positive effect on human health.The definition also includes two other components, beta-glucan soluble fiber and cellulose.
The FDA is planning to publish a separate notice, with scientific methods and data evaluation is not easy to digest carbohydrates, including inulin, bamboo fiber, soybean fiber, peas, wheat fiber, cotton seed fiber, sugar cane, sugar beet fibre and oats fiber.In addition, some companies recommend that the FDA modify dietary fiber definitions to include some specific fibers.The FDA said it would consider whether a company would review its research reports only after providing a scientific review.
Change the general consumption reference (RACC) : the new law updates, modifies, and formulates the new RACCs, including the transfer of the ice cream RACC from 1/2 cup to 2/3 cup.The FDA revised based on the median of the RACC, modified the RACC new products including ice cream, frozen yogurt, sorbet, and frozen spices, sweet ice and frozen fruit juice, and are modified into 2/3 cup.
Food label modification for infants, young children, pregnant women and lactating women.First, the FDA reclassifies infants and children between the ages of 7 and 12 months.Children aged 1 to 3.This age division method to the institute of medicine (IOM), on the basis of the study, the FDA said the IOM age interval reflects the growth and development of infants and children of different ages situation is different.The FDA requires food for children under 4 years of age and infants to be labeled as applicable in the product label, but it does not set a standard for DVs for infants under 7 months of age.This may be because the world health organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for babies at six months, according to the plant.
The FDA also wants to reduce the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol in infants aged 1-3 years and children.The FDA said producers of food after the dosage of saturated fat and cholesterol, consumers can know more products information, also is helpful for consumers to choose helps infants and children's growth and development of products.In addition, the FDA requires that the amount of protein in infants and children's foods between 1 and 3 years old must also be indicated.
In recent years, with the increase of food collective lawsuit and imminent not genetically modified (GMO) legislation, the FDA has finally released the modified food ingredient labeling act, it also reflects the FDA's authority and the importance of food regulation.
The FDA has previously said its decision to update the food ingredients labeling act was related to the KIND application "health" claim.Under the new food bill, health claims can be used if fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and other nutrients are met.In March 2015, the first KIND apply to the FDA for use "healthy", claimed that the FDA after the review of its DGAC science report, finally announced on May 10th, 2016, agreed to KIND used in the food label claims that "health".
KIND also points out that although nuts are high in fat, they have a high nutritional value, and frequent intake can reduce overall mortality.Therefore, the evaluation of nutritional value should be based on the overall situation rather than one or two of them.The FDA, after considering it, said in the near future it may issue regulations on nutrition claims and "health" labels.
In addition, the FDA has amended the 2009 draft regulations against the use of "concentrated sugarcane juice," which is mainly about the growing number of class-action lawsuits alleging "concentrated sugarcane juice" products.In addition, the FDA's definition of "natural" labels is already in progress.